Commit 8a2bd2ea authored by Nicolás Reynolds's avatar Nicolás Reynolds Committed by Mauricio Pasquier Juan

Stallman

parent 25ae5995
......@@ -361,23 +361,44 @@ importantes para su futuro en y fuera de línea.
[^SaaS]: Acrónimo de "Software as a Service" \[Software como Servicio\],
por ejemplo Facebook.
Further, in this contradictory framework we
observe nuanced changes not only in the institutional design concerning
the Internet but also in the used terminology. For instance, see the
shift from “free” to just “open source” software. The term
“open source” has become related to ideas and arguments based only
on practical values, such as having powerful software (Stallman 2012). As
Stallman (2012) writes: “the two terms describe almost the same category
of software, but they stand for views based on fundamentally different
values. Open source is a development methodology; free software is a
social movement.” The open source implies that non-free software is an
inferior solution to the practical problem at hand, whereas for the free
software advocates non-free software “is a social problem” (Stallman
2012). “If it's the same software (or nearly so), does it matter which
name you use?”, Stallman asks to answer, “yes, because different words
convey different ideas. While a free program by any other name would give
you the same freedom today, establishing freedom in a lasting way depends
above all on teaching people to value freedom.” We attempt to move from
Further, in this contradictory framework we observe nuanced changes
not only in the institutional design concerning the Internet but also
in the used terminology. For instance, see the shift from “free” to
just “open source” software. The term “open source” has become related
to ideas and arguments based only on practical values, such as having
powerful software (Stallman 2012). As Stallman (2012) writes: “the two
terms describe almost the same category of software, but they stand
for views based on fundamentally different values. Open source is a
development methodology; free software is a social movement.” The open
source implies that non-free software is an inferior solution to the
practical problem at hand, whereas for the free software advocates
non-free software “is a social problem” (Stallman 2012). “If it's
the same software (or nearly so), does it matter which name you
use?”, Stallman asks to answer, “yes, because different words convey
different ideas. While a free program by any other name would give you
the same freedom today, establishing freedom in a lasting way depends
above all on teaching people to value freedom.”
Aun más, en este marco contradictorio observamos matices no sólo en el
diseño institucional concerniente a la Internet sino también en la
terminología utilizada. Por ejemplo, el giro de software "libre" a "de
código abierto". El término "código abierto" se ha relacionado con
ideas y argumentos basados en los valores prácticos, tales como en la
capacidad técnica del software [@stallman-2012]. Como escribe Stallman
[-@stallman-2012]: "los dos términos describen casi la misma categoría
de software, pero se basan en valores fundamentalmente diferentes. El
código abierto es una metodología de desarrollo; el software libre es un
movimiento social." El código abierto presupone que el software no
libre es una solución inferior de un problema práctico dado, mientras
que el software libre advoca que el software libre "es un problema
social" [@stallman-2012]. "Si es el mismo software (o casi), ¿importa
qué nombre se le de?", pregunta Stallman para responder, "sí, porque
palabras diferentes conllevan diferentes ideas. Mientras un programa
libre con cualquier otro nombre te puede dar las mismas libertades hoy,
establecer la libertad de forma duradera depende sobre todo de enseñar a
la gente a valorar la libertad."
We attempt to move from
a strict techno-economic analysis towards a discussion of the Commons
within a turbulent, contradictory socio-economic framework. In other
words, what is the role of the Commons in the capitalist accumulation
......
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