Commit 70b2b58b authored by Nicolás Reynolds's avatar Nicolás Reynolds

un poco más...

parent 60dbba9b
......@@ -1563,7 +1563,11 @@ dificultades de la escasez" se volvería "completamente irrelevante para
el proyecto socialista" [@smith-2006].
Anthropocene Knowledge Infrastructures An abundant communist society of
Anthropocene Knowledge Infrastructures
# Infraestructuras de conocimiento en el Antropoceno
An abundant communist society of
high automation, free software, and in-home replicators might, however,
as Fraise (2011) suggests, need planning more than ever – not to
overcome scarcity but to address the problems of plenty, which
......@@ -1582,6 +1586,28 @@ economic systems, including the discontinuation of certain industries,
such as industrial fishing and destructive logging, the reshaping of
transportation methods, ‘a revolution in the energy-system’ and the
drive for a ‘solar communism’ (Lowy, 2009: np). Such transformations
Sin embargo Fraise [-@fraise-2011] sugiere que una sociedad comunista
de la abundancia con alta automatización, software libre y replicadoras
domésticas necesitará más planificación que nunca antes. No para
superar la escasez sino para resolver los problemas de la abundancia,
que hoy en día amenazan las condiciones de la vida misma. El cambio
climático global y un conjunto de problemas ecológicos intervinculados
son un desafío para todas las posturas que hemos discutido. La
bio-crisis llama a la planificación, o al cálculo, pero un cálculo de
acuerdo a métricas que midan límites, umbrales y grados de la
supervivencia de las especies, humanas o no. Al discutir los
imperativos de una planificación eco-socialista, Michael Lowy
[-@lowy-2009] señala que requeriría una dirección social mucho más
comprensiva que el mero "control obrero" o incluso la reconciliación
negociada entre los intereses de las trabajadoras y las consumidoras que
sugieren abordajes como los de Parecon. Antes bien, implica una
reconstrucción profunda de los sistemas económicos, incluyendo la
abolición de ciertas industrias, como la pesca industrializada o la tala
indiscriminada, la reformulación de los métodos de transporte, "una
revolución en el sistema energético" y un impulso hacia el "comunismo
solar" [@lowy-2009]. Tales transformaciones
would involve cybernetics along two major axes, as both contributors to
the current bio-crisis and as potential means for its resolution. On the
first of these axes, the ecological costs of nominally ‘clean’ digital
......@@ -1597,6 +1623,25 @@ new system of metabolic regulation that aims for both red and green
plenty. However, cybernetic systems are also a potential part of any
resolution of the bio-crisis – or, indeed, of even fully recognizing it.
Paul Edward’s (2010) A Vast Machine analyzes the global system of
incluirían a la cibernética en dos ejes mayores, ambos contribuyendo a
la bio-crisis actual y a la vez como medios potenciales para su
resolución. En el primero de estos ejes, los costos ecológicos de las
tecnologías digitales nominalmente "limpias" se han vuelto cada vez más
aparentes: los requisitos en energía eléctrica de los centros de datos
de la computación en la nube, la demanda de agua limpia y minerales de
la manufactura de microchips y la prodigiosa cantidad de basura
electrónica tóxica resultante. Convertir a todas las casas en
mini-fábricas _fablab_ solo aceleraría la muerte por calentamiento
planetaria. Contrariamente a todas las nociones idealistas de los
mundos virtuales, la cibernética es parte inextricable del mismo sistema
industrial cuyas operaciones deben ser puestas bajo escrutinio en un
nuevo sistema de regulación metabólica que apunte a una abundancia tanto
roja como verde. Sin embargo, los sistemas cibernéticos son también una
parte potencial de cualquier resolución de la bio-crisis. A Vast
Machine [Una máquina vasta] de Paul Edward [-@edward-2010] analiza el
sistema global
climatological measurement and projection – the apparatus of weather
stations, satellites, sensors, digitally archived records and massive
computer simulations, which, like the Internet itself, originated in US
......@@ -1610,27 +1655,31 @@ and data models, combining and adjusting measurements from multiple
sources. By revealing the contingency of conditions for species
survival, and the possibility for their anthropogenic change, such
‘knowledge infrastructures’ of people, artifacts, and institutions
(Edwards, 2010:
17) – not just for climate measurement, but also for the monitoring of
ocean acidification, deforestation, species loss, fresh water
availability – reveal the blind spot of Hayek’s catallaxy in which
the very grounds for human existence figure as an arbitrary
‘externality’. So-called ‘green capital’ attempts to subordinate
such bio-data to price signals. It is easy to point to the fallacy
of pricing non-linear and catastrophic events: what is the proper
tag for the last tiger, or the carbon emission that triggers
uncontrollable methane release? But bio-data and bio-simulations
also now have to be included in any concept of communist collective
planning. Insofar as that project aims at a realm of freedom that
escapes the necessity of toil, the common goods it creates will have
to be generated with cleaner energy, and the free knowledge it
circulates have metabolic regulation as a priority. Issues of the
proper remuneration of labor time require integration into
ecological calculations. No bio-deal that does not recognize the
aspirations of millions of planetary proletarians to escape
inequality and immiseration will succeed, yet labour metrics
themselves need to be rethought as part of a broader calculation of
the energy expenditures compatible with collective survival.
(Edwards, 2010: 17) – not just for climate measurement, but also for the
monitoring of ocean acidification, deforestation, species loss, fresh
water availability – reveal the blind spot of Hayek’s catallaxy in which
the very grounds for human existence figure as an arbitrary
de medición y proyección climatológica, es decir el aparato de
estaciones meteorológicas, satélites, sensores, registros digitales y
simulaciones por computadora masivas que se originaron, como la
Internet, durante la planificación estadounidense de la Guerra Fría
‘externality’. So-called ‘green capital’ attempts to subordinate such
bio-data to price signals. It is easy to point to the fallacy of pricing
non-linear and catastrophic events: what is the proper tag for the last
tiger, or the carbon emission that triggers uncontrollable methane
release? But bio-data and bio-simulations also now have to be included
in any concept of communist collective planning. Insofar as that project
aims at a realm of freedom that escapes the necessity of toil, the
common goods it creates will have to be generated with cleaner energy,
and the free knowledge it circulates have metabolic regulation as a
priority. Issues of the proper remuneration of labor time require
integration into ecological calculations. No bio-deal that does not
recognize the aspirations of millions of planetary proletarians to
escape inequality and immiseration will succeed, yet labour metrics
themselves need to be rethought as part of a broader calculation of the
energy expenditures compatible with collective survival.
Conclusion: For K-ommunism? Marx (1964), in his famous, or notorious,
comparison of the ‘worst of architects’ and the ‘best of bees’, saw the
......
Markdown is supported
0% or
You are about to add 0 people to the discussion. Proceed with caution.
Finish editing this message first!
Please register or to comment